Topkapı Palace Istanbul

The Topkapi Palace in Sultanahmet, in the Istanbul district of Eminonü, was the center of the administration of the Ottoman Empire. It was built between the years 1460-1478 by the South so Mehmet the Conqueror to accommodate the Ottoman dynasty and spread to a wide area with buildings added in different periods. You enter the outer courtyard of the palace, called the Procession Square, from the Sultanate Gate (Babylon Humayun) which was built in 1478 according to its epitaph. In this courtyard that forms “Birun” are the asylum called Sempson Zenon next to Santa Lrene, Hospital, Pastry, Ambar-i Amire, The Palace Mint, and artists’ workshops. The first courtyard connects to the second called Divan Square or the Justice Square with the Babüs-Selam Gate (Saturation Gate). Throne ceremonies and funerals were held here in this courtyard. On the right side of Via de Vizir, the Palacete de Justicia was built in the 19th century. Next to the Assembly building, the treasure building was part of it. Behind the north-west porches of the courtyard overlooking the Marmara Sea were the kitchens of the palace and the service buildings. In the part of the palace that looks at Halic, was the Royal Stables and the Section of the Charristas. From the central gate called Babüs-Selam (the Saturation Gate) and the Assembly Square, the royal palace begins. We pass to the second courtyard behind the central gate from which all the people went inside, dismounting from their horses, except from the Sultan. In the interior patio vuyo size is almost 110 × 170 m. Are the porticos, the private council and the interim treasure. Enderun is an important section where White Eunuchs and educated young people lived and educated to serve the court apart from the Ottoman Sultan. Olcüsündeki ic ​​avluda revaklar, kubbe alti ve ic hazine bulunmaktadir. In front of the courtyard of Enderun is the Audience Hall. At the corner of the courtyard facing the Marmara and Bosphorus, there is the Fatih Palace which was built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, in front of this palace; The Royal Chamber, the private sections of the south pula. Tanas, and the Sacred Relics Section. In addition, in Enderun there were the rooms of young people educated in the palace, the mosque and a Turkish bath that could not be reached in our time. A large portico of the Royal Chamber called the Divan Place (Assembly) with a column, two-line columns, facing Halic, opened onto the terrace called Marble Sofa (Sofa-i Humayun) On this terrace , The pavilions were constructed as the Circumcision Pavilion, the lftar portico, the Baghdad Pavilion, the Revan Pavilion, the Sofa Pavilion, the Main Lala Tower. Why, it goes down to the low garden, that forms the fourth part of the palace that is called the Garden of the Hanged Flower. Bab us Sade, which is the most important door of the palace, ensures the passage to Patio Ill. Where the Plaza de Divan (Assembly), the school of Enderun and the rooms of the sultans take part. This gate to be in the central point of Birun and Enderun, has a main level importance and here the sultan was sitting in front of this door in the ceremonies as the throne rise and the parties.

Harem

The Harem section of Topkapi Palace starting from the left side of the second courtyard (Birun) extends into the interiors of the third courtyard (Enderun) after entering from the Gate of Saturation (Babus-Selam). The year 1578 and new buildings were added during each sut so new and this situation continued until the first half of century XIX. The Harem has approximately 400 rooms and patios. It has an ornamentation and different architecture because it is built in different periods. Today you enter the Harén from the Puerta de Carros. For the epi tafio on the door with anticlanes, two wings and made of pure iron, we understand that this door was constructed by Sultan Murad (1574-1595). This is a long and open courtyard that extends to the royal entrance gate of the Harem. In the area around this courtyard are the Dome of Dolapli, Fountain Courtyard, Tower, Bashazinedar Aga and Basmuhasip Aga Rooms, Hane Month Gate, Kara Agalar Mosque, Karaagalar Bedroom and Eunuco Chief Room . Behind a small corridor that is in front of this courtyard, takes part entrance of Harén. A corridor of vault on the right, extends to the Kushane Gate that opens to the Third Courtyard (Enderun). From the door of two wings of the Dome of Dolapli, one enters a patio of round fountain, covered with a dome and dome of mirror, whose plan is rectangular. On the tiles that cover the top of the walls, the names of ten companions fences of Muhammad (Sahabas) are written, to which Heaven committed. The Meskhane Gate to the right of this part, opens to a slope so narrow and vertical. …

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